How to Write a Summary of an Article? With time, this pidgin gradually developed into a creole, later on becoming the co-official language of Haiti.
Solomon Islander Alternative Name Melanesia; Melanesians; Wantoks "one people," people from the Melanesian region sharing certain characteristics, especially the use of pidgin English. By a turn of an amused fate, he erroneously thought that this could be one of the locations in which King Solomon the Israelite monarch obtained gold for his temple in Jerusalem.
The islands are most widely known to the outside world for the World War II battles that were fought there, especially on Guadalcanal. Peace prevailed for most of the rest of the century in a country that was sometimes called the "Happy Islands," until ethnic conflict erupted in late They are part of a long chain of archipelagos called Melanesia, which stretches from Papua New Guinea in the north to New Caledonia and Fiji in the south.
Second largest in the Melanesian chain, the Solomon Islands archipelago covers approximatelysquare milessquare kilometers of ocean and consists of 10, square miles 27, square kilometers of land.
The climate of the Solomon Islands is equatorial, tempered by the surrounding ocean. Rainfall is often heavy especially in the interior near the mountains and on the windward sides of the large islands.
Coastal areas of the main islands sheltered from the prevailing wind get less rain and, therefore, are drier.
Honiara, the capital, is situated on Guadalcanal, in a rain shadow cast by a high mountain range. The population of the Solomon Islands is estimated to be approximatelyIt is comprised predominantly of Melanesians with the rest of the population consisting of Polynesians, Micronesians, and small pockets of Chinese and Europeans.
The annual growth rate is around 3. Most of the population 85 percent live in villages. Only those with paid employment are found in the urban centers and provincial headquarters of Honiara the capitalAuki, Gizo, Buala, Kira Kira, and Lata.
The Melanesian region of the Pacific is known for its polylinguism. Among Melanesians and Polynesians in the Solomon Islands, approximately 63 to 70 distinct languages are spoken and perhaps an equal number of dialects. Each of the languages and several of the dialects are associated with distinct cultural groups.
Solomon Islanders also speak a variant of English called pidgin English a form of Creole. And in formal places, such as in church services and in schools, English is spoken although it is usually interspersed with pidgin English and the native languages.
The multiplicity of ethnic groups made it quite difficult for the nation to agree on one symbol for itself. The leaders at independence, therefore, chose an amalgam of symbols to closely represent the different islands and their cultures.
This is shown in the national coat of arms, which displays a crocodile and a shark upholding the government represented by a crown and a frigate bird Solomon Islands supporting both. Also displayed are an eagle, a turtle, a war shield, and some fighting spears. The coat of arms also includes the phrase "to lead is to serve," which characterizes the general belief of the founding fathers who called on every member of the new nation to cherish duty and responsibility.
History and Ethnic Relations The first discoverers of the Solomon Islands were the island peoples themselves. They settled the main islands and developed land-based communities, first with agriculture and then through animal husbandry, particularly pigs.
They also developed fishing and other marine skills, especially in the lagoons. Subsequent migrants, finding that the big islands were occupied, settled on the outlying islands, most of which are coral outliers. Sikaiana, Reef Islands and the Temotu Islands. These migrants were mostly Polynesians, and they mastered fishing and navigation.
He died of malaria, and the settlement was short-lived. Untilwhen English explorer Philip Carteret landed in the islands, contact with outsiders was limited.
It was in the s, when traders and whalers arrived, that contact with Europeans became constant and enduring. Entrepreneurs, church missionaries, and the British colonial government officers soon arrived thereafter.
Before Britain proclaimed protectorate status over the islands inthere was no single centralized politico-cultural system. What existed were numerous autonomous clan-based communities often headed by a male leader with his assistants. Unlike Polynesian societies, there had not been a known overall monarch ruling the islands.
Within the islands, there was intercommunity trading and even warring networks. These networks were further cemented by intermarriages and mutual help alliances. With the arrival of churches and government, communication was made easier between the islanders, and further networks then developed.
The British also put an end to intertribal warfare and conflicts. As a result, the predominant cultures of Melanesia and Polynesia were deeply intertwined with the cultures of the different churches, and both urban and rural lifestyles. Added to this was the introduction of western popular culture.Nevertheless, the fact that Pidgin does not currently have a single agreed-upon system is an interesting starting point for thinking more about language, representing speech in writing, and the politics of writing a language which many people think of only as a spoken language.
Aimé Césaire was one of the foremost French poets of the 20th century. He was also one of the foremost leftists on his home island of Martinique and in the French National Assembly.
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VEDRINE. Complete works including works on Haitian Creole Zèv konplè enkli zèv sou kreyòl ayisyen Œuvres complètes y compris œuvres sur le créole haïtien.
The Lifecycle Of Pidgins And Creoles English Language Essay. Print Reference this.
The following period of the pidgin-creole lifecycle is the Stable Pidgin phase, where language is used not only for communication but for self-expression also. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on.
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