Kathy Stearns got international attention for her pay to play scheme whereby tiger cubs are pushed into water over their heads so that they will swim to the paying customer and cling for dear life. The only good to come of this is that it also drew international attention to the fact that USDA and the Florida Wildlife Commission have allowed this kind of cruel treatment. The outcry has been loud and fierce, and maybe now the government will do their jobs of enforcing animal welfare laws. The most obvious problem with this activity is that exploiters have to have a constant supply of cubs that are small enough to use for petting, photo and swim with the tigers type commerce.
Capturing and harming protected animal species Hunting out of season Smuggling and selling exotic animal species Puppy mills Some of these related problems are covered in other guides in this series, all of which are listed at the end of this guide.
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Animal abuse analysis Description of the Problem Animal cruelty includes many kinds of mistreatment, from temporarily failing to provide essential care to the malicious killing or repeated torturing of an animal.
Every state defines animal cruelty differently, both in terms of the specific actions that are prohibited and the categories of animals that are protected. For example, hunting is exempted from animal cruelty laws and livestock are not protected, even though in both cases the animals are killed and quite often suffer.
Laws in some states protect wild animals from frivolous harm e. Animal cruelty cases tend to span the jurisdictions of several state and local agencies and departments, and the agency officially responsible for handling animal cruelty cases varies.
Some jurisdictions have sophisticated programs within animal welfare organizations e. They may be called animal cruelty enforcement agents, humane law enforcement agents, cruelty investigators, or animal control officers, and while they may have the legal authority to investigate and enforce animal cruelty laws, the public often grants them less legitimacy than police.
In places without local animal welfare organizations, police may be solely responsible for enforcing all animal-protection laws. While some cases will be arduous, involving lengthy investigations, search warrants, and complex crime scenes, most cases of animal cruelty are not particularly complicated.
Particularly in cases of simple neglect, police who identify the signs of animal cruelty can offer information, suggestions for improving animal care, or warnings, which will usually rectify the situation before a serious tragedy occurs.
Neglect occurs when an owner fails to provide the animal with adequate food, water, shelter, or veterinary care. Neglect is the most common type of animal cruelty.
Such neglect results in illness and starvation and may even lead to the death of the animals. Physical abuse refers to intentional acts that cause the animal pain, suffering, or death.
Abusive behaviors include beating, burning, choking or suffocating, dragging, drowning, hanging, kicking or stomping, mutilating, poisoning, shooting, stabbing, and throwing, among others. These signs may include the following: Doing so would be very difficult, because enforcement authority is scattered across thousands of state and local agencies, laws vary across states, and standardized reporting structures have not been developed.
The two major efforts to collect data on the prevalence of animal mistreatment rely primarily on media reports, rather than enforcement records, as the source. Over half of the respondents stated they reported the incident to a law enforcement or humane organization. One study estimated that approximately 5, cases of hoarding are reported each year, with roughly 40 animals involved in each case.
As a result, the public may not fully understand the prevalence and nature of animal cruelty. It discontinued the project because of excessive demands on staff Lockwood While the website includes a search engine and crime-mapping capabilities, it includes only those cases with a media reference or that proceeded to court.
As of April 18,the database included over 17, cases in six countries. Harms Caused by Animal Cruelty The most obvious harm caused by animal cruelty is the pain and suffering endured by the animal. In contrast to what is often presented by the media, happy endings in cases of physical cruelty are rare: In addition to the animal suffering inflicted in even the least sensational cases, the more complicated hoarding cases also generate significant public health concerns.
Homes of hoarders are generally filthy, with an accumulation of animal feces and urine on the floor, sometimes several inches deep. The resulting ammonia gas creates toxic air. Utilities and major appliances usually do not work, and most of the basic activities for a functional and sanitary household e.
Carcasses of dead animals are often found in hoarding locations, many of which are eventually condemned. Groups of researchers in both the United States and the United Kingdom assert that people who harm or kill animals are at high risk of interpersonal violence.
Further, they claim that victims of child abuse are likely to harm animals and are more likely to be violent toward humans as they mature.
Most of these studies examined the prevalence of animal cruelty among incarcerated, violent offenders. However, citing methodological flaws in the research and overly broad generalizations, a few researchers believe the link between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence has been overstated.Animal abuse tends to take the backseat to human abuse but it can often be the first signs of an abusive personality and of possible physical and emotional abuse of a person.
Abusing animals is can be the first sign of a potential serial killer. Animal Farm study guide contains a biography of George Orwell, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Animal abuse is said to result from ignorance about the abusive consequences of our behavior for animals, the belief that abuse is justified, and the perception that abuse is personally beneficial. Second, I describe an additional set of factors that have both direct effects on animal abuse and indirect effects through the above three factors.
Animal welfare organizations quickly condemned the removal of the information, which they called unexpected and said would allow animal abuse to go unchecked. The Effects of Animal Abuse - Animal abuse tends to take the backseat to human abuse but it can often be the first signs of an abusive personality and of possible physical and emotional abuse of a person.
The Animal Control unit of the West Haven Police Department is conveniently located at 7 Collis St. next door to the West Haven Public Works Garage.